Vaccine. 2011 Oct 4. [Epub ahead of print]
Immunological responses induced by a DNA vaccine expressing RON4 and by immunogenic recombinant protein RON4 failed to protect mice against chronic toxoplasmosis
Rashid I, Hedhli D, Moiré N, Pierre J, Debierre-Grockiego F, Dimier-Poisson I, Mévélec MN
SourceUniversité François Rabelais, INRA, UMR 0483 Université-INRA d'Immunologie Parasitaire, Vaccinologie et Biothérapie anti-infectieuse, IFR136 Agents Transmissibles et Infectiologie, UFR des Sciences Pharmaceutiques, 31 Avenue Monge, 37200 Tours, France.
The development of an effective vaccine against Toxoplasma gondii infection is an important issue due to the seriousness of the related public health problems, and the economic importance of this parasitic disease worldwide. Rhoptry neck proteins (RONs) are components of the moving junction macromolecular complex formed during invasion. The aim of this study was to evaluate the vaccine potential of RON4 using two vaccination strategies: DNA vaccination by the intramuscular route, and recombinant protein vaccination by the nasal route. We produced recombinant RON4 protein (RON4S2) using the Schneider insect cells expression system, and validated its antigenicity and immunogenicity. We also constructed optimized plasmids encoding full length RON4 (pRON4), or only the N-terminal (pNRON4), or the C-terminal part (pCRON4) of RON4. CBA/J mice immunized with pRON4, pNRON4 or pCRON4 plus a plasmid encoding the granulocyte-macrophage-colony-stimulating factor showed high IgG titers against rRON4S2. Mice immunized by the nasal route with rRON4S2 plus cholera toxin exhibited low levels of anti-RON4S2 IgG antibodies, and no intestinal IgA antibodies specific to RON4 were detected. Both DNA and protein vaccination generated a mixed Th1/Th2 response polarized towards the IgG1 antibody isotype. Both DNA and protein vaccination primed CD4+ T cells in vivo. In addition to the production of IFN-γ, and IL-2, Il-10 and IL-5 were also produced by the spleen cells of the immunized mice stimulated with RON4S2, suggesting that a mixed Th1/Th2 type immune response occurred in all the immunized groups. No cytokine was detectable in stimulated mesenteric lymph nodes from mice immunized by the nasal route. Immune responses were induced by both DNA and protein vaccination, but failed to protect the mice against a subsequent oral challenge with T. gondii cysts. In conclusion, strategies designed to enhance the immunogenicity and to redirect the cellular response towards a Th1 type response against RON4 could lead to more encouraging results.
Copyright © 2011. Published by Elsevier Ltd.
PMID:21983362[PubMed - as supplied by publisher]