J Immunol. 2010 Jan 18. [Epub ahead of print]
IL-6 Promotes NK Cell Production of IL-17 during Toxoplasmosis
Passos ST, Silver JS, O'Hara AC, Sehy D, Stumhofer JS, Hunter CA.
Department of Pathobiology, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104.
Previous studies have implicated T cell production of IL-17 in resistance to Toxoplasma gondii as well as the development of immune-mediated pathology during this infection. Analysis of C57BL/6 and C57BL/6 RAG(-/-) mice challenged with T. gondii-identified NK cells as a major innate source of IL-17. The ability of soluble Toxoplasma Ag to stimulate NK cells to produce IL-17 was dependent on the presence of accessory cells and the production of IL-6, IL-23, and TGF-beta. In contrast, these events were inhibited by IL-2, IL-15, and IL-27. Given that IL-6 was one of the most potent enhancers of NK cell production of IL-17, further studies revealed that only a subset of NK cells expressed both chains of the IL-6R, IL-6 upregulated expression of the Th17-associated transcription factor RORgammat, and that IL-6(-/-) mice challenged with T. gondii had a major defect in NK cell production of IL-17. Together, these data indicate that many of the same cytokines that regulate Th17 cells are part of a conserved pathway that also control innate production of IL-17 and identify a major role for IL-6 in the regulation of NK cell responses.
PMID: 20083665 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]