Friday, July 14, 2017

Strategies for detecting toxoplasma immunity

2003 Jan;60(2):105-108. doi: 10.1080/09674845.2003.11783684.

A strategy for identifying toxoplasma immunity in pregnancy must provide good evidence of immunity but not falsely reassure; that for immunocompromised patients should identify immunity and also the risk of reactivated toxoplasmosis. Using sera from both of these patient groups, the performance of an in-house IgG EIA and two commonly used commercial assays (Abbott AxSYM Toxo-G and Eiken latex test) were compared with the dye test. False-positive results were obtained using the IgG enzyme immunoassay (EIA) and AxSYM Toxo-G, and false negatives using all three screen tests. During pregnancy, positive results may falsely reassure, and patients should be tested for toxoplasma-specific IgM to differentiate between current infection and immunity. In immunocompromised patients, positive results indicate immunity but negative results do not exclude it; these should be tested by dye test. Despite these reservations, we have demonstrated that immunity screening can be performed within a district general hospital.


Immunity; Immunocompromised host; Pregnancy; Toxoplasma

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