Friday, February 20, 2015

IL-33/ST2 involves the immunopathology of ocular toxoplasmosis in murine model

2015 Feb 20. [Epub ahead of print]
Ocular toxoplasmosis (OT) is the major cause of infective uveitis. Since the eye is a special organ protected by immune privilege, its immune response is different from general organs with Toxoplasma gondii infection. Here, we used Kunming outbred mice to establish OT by intravitreal injection of T. gondii RH strain tachyzoites, IL-33 expression in the eyes was localized by immunostaining, the levels of interleukin (IL)-33 and ST2 (IL-33 receptor) and T-helper (Th)1 and Th2-associated cytokines in the eye and cervical lymph nodes (CLNs) of infected mice were measured, and their correlations were analyzed. Our results showed that the pathologies of the eye and CLN tissues and the IL-33 positive cells in the eye tissues of ocular T. gondii-infected mice were all increased at days 2, 6, and 9 postinfection (p.i.), accompanied with significantly increased transcript levels of IL-33, ST2, IL-1β, IFN-γ, IL-12p40, IL-10, and IL-13 in both the eyes and CLNs, and increased IL-4 expressions in the eyes of T. gondii-infected mice. There were significant correlations between the levels of IFN-γ and ST2, IL-4 and ST2, and IL-13 and ST2 in the eye tissues (P < 0.001), significant correlations between the levels of IFN-γ and ST2 (P < 0.001) as well as between IL-13 and ST2 (P < 0.05) in the CLNs, and significant correlations between the levels of IL-1β and IL-33 in the eyes (P < 0.05) and between IL-1β and IL-33/ST2 in the CLNs (P < 0.001 and P < 0.01, respectively). Our data indicated that IL-33/ST2 may involve the regulation of ocular immunopathology induced by T. gondii infection.
[PubMed - as supplied by publisher]

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