Sunday, November 09, 2014

Systematic Identification of the Lysine succinylation in the Protozoan Parasite Toxoplasma gondii

 2014 Nov 6. [Epub ahead of print]


Lysine succinylation is a new posttranslational modification (PTM) identified in histone proteins of Toxoplasma gondii, an obligate intracellular parasite of the phylum Apicomplexa. However, very little is known about their scope and cellular distribution. Here, using LC-MS/MS to identify parasite peptides enriched by immunopurification with succinyl-lysine antibody, we produced the first lysine succinylome in this parasite. Overall, a total of 425 lysine succinylation sites occurred on 147 succinylated proteins were identified in extracellular Toxoplasma tachyzoites, which is a proliferative stage that results in acute toxoplasmosis. With the bioinformatics analysis, it is shown that these succinylated proteins are evolutionarily conserved and involved in a wide variety of cellular functions such as metabolism, epigenetic gene regulation, and exhibit diverse subcellular localizations. Moreover, we defined five types of definitively conserved succinylation site motifs and the results imply that lysine residue of a polypeptide with lysine on the +3 position and without lysine at the -1 to +2 position is a preferred to be substrate of lysine succinyltransferase. In conclusion, our findings suggest that lysine succinylation in Toxoplasma involves in a diverse array of cellular functions although the succinylation occurs at a low level.
[PubMed - as supplied by publisher] 

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