Front Public Health. 2013 Dec 25;1:73. doi: 10.3389/fpubh.2013.00073.
A Positive Association between T. gondii Seropositivity and Obesity
Reeves GM1, Mazaheri S2, Snitker S3, Langenberg P4, Giegling I5, Hartmann AM5, Konte B5, Friedl M5, Okusaga O6, Groer MW7, Mangge H8, Weghuber D9, Allison DB10, Rujescu D5, Postolache TT11.
Obesity is a global public health problem that is linked with morbidity, mortality, and functional limitations and has limited options for sustained interventions. Novel targets for prevention and intervention require further research into the pathogenesis of obesity. Consistently, elevated markers of inflammation have been reported in association with obesity, but their causes and consequences are not well understood. An emerging field of research has investigated the association of infections and environmental pathogens with obesity, potential causes of low grade inflammation that may mediate obesity risk. In this study, we estimate the possible association between Toxoplasma gondii (T. gondii) infection and obesity in a sample of 999 psychiatrically healthy adults. Individuals with psychiatric conditions, including personality disorders, were excluded because of the association between positive serology to T. gondii and various forms of serious mental illness that have a strong association with obesity. In our sample, individuals with positive T. gondii serology had twice the odds of being obese compared to seronegative individuals (p = 0.01). Further, individuals who were obese had significant higher T. gondii IgG titers compared to individuals who were non-obese. Latent T. gondii infection is very common worldwide, so potential public health interventions related to this parasite can have a high impact on associated health concerns.
KEYWORDS:Toxoplasma gondii, body weight, inflammation, obesity, parasitic infection