Tuesday, February 19, 2013

IL-10 Reduces Levels of Apoptosis in Toxoplasma gondii-Infected Trophoblasts

PLoS One. 2013;8(2):e56455. Epub 2013 Feb 13.

IL-10 Reduces Levels of Apoptosis in Toxoplasma gondii-Infected Trophoblasts

Zhao M, Zhang R, Xu X, Liu Y, Zhang H, Zhai X, Hu X.

Department of Radiology, Yantai Affiliated Hospital of Binzhou Medical University, Yantai, People's Republic of China.

BACKGROUND:

To analyze the effects of IL-10 on the HLA-G expression and the apoptosis of trophoblasts infected with Toxoplasma gondii.
METHODS:
T. gondii-infected or uninfected human trophoblasts and immortalized human placental BeWo cells were cultured with or without human IL-10. Uninfected and infected cells without IL-10 cells served as controls. HLA-G expression was measured by real-time PCR and flow cytometry, respectively. Cells apoptosis were analyzed by flow cytometry. Apoptosis associated moleculars were measured by real-time PCR and Western bolt.
RESULTS:
HLA-G expression was increased in the infected trophoblasts and BeWo cells compared to uninfected cells. Treatment of infected cells with IL-10 decreased HLA-G expression compared to infected cells while no change in treatment of uninfected cells compared with uninfected cells. Levels of apoptosis and apoptosis associated caspase-3 and caspase-8 decreased and c-FLIP levels increased in treated infected cells with IL-10 compared to infected cells and no difference in IL-10 treated uninfected cells compared to uninfected cells.
CONCLUSIONS:
IL-10 regulates HLA-G expression in T. gondii-infected trophoblasts. IL-10 treatment of infected trophoblasts reduced levels of apoptosis. This may contribute to the improvement in pregnancy outcomes when women infected with T. gondii treated with IL-10.

PMID: 23418570 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]

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