Foodborne Pathog Dis. 2011 Nov 15. [Epub ahead of print]
rROP2(186?533): A Novel Peptide Antigen for Detection of IgM Antibodies Against Toxoplasma gondii.
Liu L, Liu T, Yu L, Cai Y, Zhang A, Xu X, Luo Q, Hu Y, Song W, Lun Z, Lu F, Wang Y, Shen J.
Source1 Anhui Provincial Key Laboratory of Microbiology and Parasitology, Anhui Medical University , Hefei, China .
Abstract Toxoplasma gondii infections are prevalent in a wide range of mammalian hosts including humans. Infection in pregnant women may cause the transmission of parasite to the fetus that makes serious problems. IgM antibodies against Toxoplasma (Toxo-IgM) have been believed to be significant indicators for both recently acquired and congenital toxoplasmosis. So far, however, there has not been any recognized protein of T. gondii that specifically reacts to IgM antibodies. Here, an antigen exclusively for detection of IgM antibodies screened by two-dimensional electrophoresis and mass spectrometry has been reported. The study identified 13 Toxoplasma proteins probed by IgG antibodies and one (rhpotry protein 2 [ROP2]) by IgM antibodies with human sera of Toxo-IgM(?)-IgG(+) and -IgM(+)-IgG(?), respectively, which had been prescreened by Toxo-IgM and -IgG commercial kits from the suspected cases. Following cloning, expression, and purification of the fragment of ROP2(186?533), an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay with rROP2(186?533) to measure IgM and IgG antibodies was developed. As a result, 100%(48/48) of sera with Toxo-IgM(+)-IgG(?)showed positive Toxo-IgM but none of them (0%) showed positive Toxo-IgG when rROP2(186?533) was used as antigen. Neither Toxo-IgG nor Toxo-IgM antibodies were found when tested with 59 sera of Toxo-IgM(?)-IgG(+). These results indicate that rROP2(186?533) could be used as an antigen that specifically capture Toxo-IgM antibodies and may have a high potential in the serological diagnosis of both acute acquired and congenital toxoplasmosis.
PMID:22085219[PubMed - as supplied by publisher]