Cytometry A. 2011 Sep 8. doi: 10.1002/cyto.a.21138. [Epub ahead of print]
Development of high-throughput methods to quantify cysts of Toxoplasma gondii
Aldebert D, Hypolite M, Cavailles P, Touquet B, Flori P, Loeuillet C, Cesbron-Delauw MF.
SourceLaboratoire Adaptation et Pathogénie des Micro-organismes, UMR 5163 CNRS-UJF Grenoble I, France. firstname.lastname@example.org.
Toxplasma is a protozoan parasite, which forms persistent cysts in tissues of chronically infected animals and humans. Cysts can reactivate leading to severe pathologies. They also contribute to the transmission of Toxoplasma infection in humans by ingestion of undercooked meat. Classically, the quantification of cyst burden in tissues uses microscopy methods, which are laborious and time consuming. Here, we have developed automated protocols to quantify cysts, based on flow cytometry or high-throughput microscopy. Brains of rodents infected with cysts of Prugniaud strain were incubated with the FITC-Dolichos biflorus lectin and analyzed by flow cytometry and high-throughput epifluorescence microscopy. The comparison of cyst counts by manual epifluorescence microscopy to flow cytometry or to high-throughput epifluorescence microscopy revealed a good correlation (r = 0.934, r = 0.993, P < 0.001 respectively). High-throughput epifluorescence microscopy was found to be more specific and sensitive than flow cytometry and easier to use for large series of samples. This reliable and easy protocol allow the specific detection of Toxoplasma cysts in brain, even at low concentrations; it could be a new way to detect them in water and in contaminate food. © 2011 International Society for Advancement of Cytometry.
Copyright © 2011 International Society for Advancement of Cytometry.
PMID:21905211[PubMed - as supplied by publisher]