PLoS One. 2011;6(7):e22936. Epub 2011 Jul 28
Subcellular Antigen Location Influences T-Cell Activation during Acute Infection with Toxoplasma gondii
Gregg B, Dzierszinski F, Tait E, Jordan KA, Hunter CA, Roos DS
SourceDepartment of Biology, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States of America.
Effective control of the intracellular protozoan parasite Toxoplasma gondii depends on the activation of antigen-specific CD8(+) T-cells that manage acute disease and prevent recrudescence during chronic infection. T-cell activation in turn, requires presentation of parasite antigens by MHC-I molecules on the surface of antigen presenting cells. CD8(+) T-cell epitopes have been defined for several T. gondii proteins, but it is unclear how these antigens enter into the presentation pathway. We have exploited the well-characterized model antigen ovalbumin (OVA) to investigate the ability of parasite proteins to enter the MHC-I presentation pathway, by engineering recombinant expression in various organelles. CD8(+) T-cell activation was assayed using 'B3Z' reporter cells in vitro, or adoptively-transferred OVA-specific 'OT-I' CD8(+) T-cells in vivo. As expected, OVA secreted into the parasitophorous vacuole strongly stimulated antigen-presenting cells. Lower levels of activation were observed using glycophosphatidyl inositol (GPI) anchored OVA associated with (or shed from) the parasite surface. Little CD8(+) T-cell activation was detected using parasites expressing intracellular OVA in the cytosol, mitochondrion, or inner membrane complex (IMC). These results indicate that effective presentation of parasite proteins to CD8(+) T-cells is a consequence of active protein secretion by T. gondii and escape from the parasitophorous vacuole, rather than degradation of phagocytosed parasites or parasite products.
PMID:21829561[PubMed - in process]