Saturday, August 20, 2011

Protection in a hamster model of congenital toxoplasmosis

Vet Parasitol. 2011 Aug 2. [Epub ahead of print]

Protection in a hamster model of congenital toxoplasmosis

Freyre A, Araujo FA, Fialho CG, Bigatti LE, Falcón JD

SourceLaboratorio de Toxoplasmosis, Departamento de Parasitología, Facultad de Veterinaria, Montevideo, Uruguay.

Almost uniform protection against congenital toxoplasmosis initiated by inoculations with cysts and oocysts of the parasite was seen in the hamster model, among strains of different genotypes. Because the RH immunization prior to pregnancy has to be controlled with medication for most of the hamsters to survive, and also some congenital transmission of Toxoplasma was observed during the chronic stage of the infection, the hamster is considered less practical than the rat and the BALB/c mouse models. It is concluded that the hamster model closely resembles protection against congenital infection in nature, where most of the pregnant women and ewes that experienced a toxoplasma infection previously, protect their fetuses against an infection with the parasite during pregnancy.

Copyright © 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

PMID:21846582[PubMed - as supplied by publisher]

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