Clin Microbiol Infect. 2010 Dec 4. doi: 10.1111/j.1469-0691.2010.03442.x. [Epub ahead of print]
Parasitic, fungal and prion zoonoses: An expanding universe of candidates for human disease
Head, Internal Medicine Department,
General Hospital "G. Hatzikosta" of Ioannina, Greece.
Zoonotic infections have emerged as a burden for millions of people in recent years, due to re-emerging or novel pathogens often causing outbreaks in the developing world in the presence of inadequate public health infrastructure. Among zoonotic infections, parasitic pathogens are the ones that affect millions of humans worldwide, while furthermore are at risk of developing disease which is often chronic. The present review discusses the global effect of protozoan pathogens as Leishmania sp., Trypanosoma sp., and Toxoplasma sp., as well as helminthic pathogens as Echinococcus sp., Fasciola sp., and Trichinella sp. The zoonotic aspects of agents that are not essentially zoonotic are also discussed. The review further focuses on the zoonotic dynamics of fungal pathogens and prion diseases as observed in recent years, in an evolving environment that has developed novel patient target groups for agents that were previously considered obscure or of minimal significance.
Copyright © 2010 European Society of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases.
PMID: 21129103 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]