Vaccine. 2010 Nov 20. [Epub ahead of print]
Evaluation of the immune response induced by DNA vaccine cocktail expressing complete SAG1 and ROP2 genes against toxoplasmosis
Hoseinian Khosroshahi K, Ghaffarifar F, D'Souza S, Sharifi Z, Dalimi A.
Dept. Parasitology, Faculty of Medical Sciences, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran.
Toxoplasma gondii, the pathogen of toxoplasmosis, can infect most mammals and birds. The high incidence and severe or lethal damages of toxoplasmosis clearly indicate the need for the development of a more effective vaccine. We constructed a DNA cocktail, containing plasmids encoding the full-length SAG1 and ROP2 genes of T. gondii and evaluated its immune response and protective efficacy in comparison with single-gene vaccines and control groups. We immunized BALB/c mice intramuscularly three times. DNA cocktail elicited IgG and IFN-γ, TNF-α and IL-2 greater than single-gene plasmids and increased survival time against a lethal challenge with the highly virulent T. gondii RH strain. The current study shows that pc-SAG1+ pc-ROP2 as a cocktail DNA vaccine produces higher Th1 immune response than single-gene plasmids and cocktail DNA is effective to prime an enhanced and balanced specific immunity.
Copyright © 2010. Published by Elsevier Ltd.
PMID: 21095254 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]