Exp Parasitol. 2010 Apr 19. [Epub ahead of print]
Recrudescence of Toxoplasma gondii infection in chronically infected rats (Rattus norvegicus)
da Silva RC, da Silva AV, Langoni H.
School of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Science, São Paulo State University, Botucatu, São Paulo State, 18618-000, Brazil.
The kinetics of T. gondii infection reactivation in the brain and muscles was analyzed in this study to determine the preferred tissue by the parasite during immunosuppression. Two groups of Wistar rats (G1 and G2) were inoculated with 10(4) bradyzoites of BTU10 strain (genotype I), p.o., and other two groups (G3 and G4) were inoculated with 0.9% saline solution. G2 and G4 were immunosuppressed with dexamethasone (DXM) and hydrocortisone sodium succinate (HSS). The presence of antibodies was researched in all groups through modified agglutination test (MAT) on days 0 and 21 p.i., and brain and muscle tissues of the rats were bioassayed in mice. G2 rats died at approximately 19.2 days after drug treatment, while G1 rats survived. The reactivation was initially observed in G1 brain and G2 muscles. Thus, the initial reactivation in muscles after immunosuppression allows doctors to save precious time to control the evolution of reactivated infection, preventing brain damage to the host. Copyright © 2010. Published by Elsevier Inc.
PMID: 20412799 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]