Exp Parasitol. 2010 Mar 20. [Epub ahead of print]
Toxoplasma gondii: Impaired maturation and pro-inflammatory response of dendritic cells in MIF-deficient mice favors susceptibility to infection
Terrazas CA, Juarez I, Terrazas LI, Saavedra R, Calleja EA, Rodriguez-Sosa M.
Unidad de Biomedicina.
Macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) has been found to be involved in host resistance to several parasitic infections. To determine the mechanisms of MIF-dependent responses to Toxoplasma gondii, we investigated host resistance in MIF-/- mice (BALB/c background) during natural oral infection. We focused on the potential involvement of MIF in Dendritic Cell (DC) maturation and IL-12 production. Following oral T. gondii infection, wild type mice developed a strong IL-12 response with an adequate maturation of their draining mesenteric lymph node DC (MLNDC) population and were resistant to challenge with either 40 or 100 cysts (ME49 strain). In contrast, similarly infected MIF-/- mice mounted a weak IL-12 response, displayed immature MLNDCs in the early phases of infection and rapidly succumbed to both type of challenges. Lack of maturation and IL-12 production of DCs in response to T. gondii antigens was confirmed by in vitro studies, and these effects were reversed following treatment with recombinant MIF. These findings demonstrate that MIF-induced early DC maturation and IL-12 production mediate resistance to T. gondii infection. Copyright © 2010. Published by Elsevier Inc.
PMID: 20331989 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]