Parasitol Int. 2009 Aug 19. [Epub ahead of print]
Molecular analyses of Toxoplasma gondii calmodulin-like domain protein kinase isoform 3
Sugi T, Kato K, Kobayashi K, Pandey K, Takemae H, Kurokawa H, Tohya Y, Akashi H.
Department of Veterinary Microbiology, Graduate School of Agricultural and Life Sciences, The University of Tokyo, 1-1-1 Yayoi, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-8657, Japan.
Ca(2+) signaling is thought to play an important role in Toxoplasma gondii motility, including invasion of and egress from host cells. Recently, it has been reported that phosphorylation of the glideosome apparatus components of T. gondii occurs during invasion. To elucidate the role of T. gondii calmodulin-like domain protein kinase in the signaling pathway that bridges Ca(2+) stimulation and motility, we characterized T. gondii calmodulin-like domain protein kinase isoform 3 (TgCDPKif3). TgCDPKif3 is homologous to Plasmodium falciparum calcium-dependent protein kinase 1, which has been reported to phosphorylate P. falciparum glideosome components. TgCDPKif3 was purified as a fusion protein that was labeled with [gamma-(32)P]ATP, and the label was subsequently removed by phosphatase treatment. Phosphorylation was eliminated when the putative catalytic lysine residue of TgCDPKif3 was replaced with alanine. TgCDPKif3 phosphorylated Histone II(AS) as a representative substrate in a Ca(2+)-dependent manner at a high Ca(2+) concentration. TgCDPKif3 was localized to the apical ends of tachyzoites. TgCDPKif3 showed the translocation between intra- and extracellular tachyzoites. TgCDPKif3 could phosphorylate T. gondii aldolase 1 (TgALD1) in vitro. The interaction between TgCDPKif3 and TgALD1 was confirmed by the co-immunoprecipitation assay in mammal cells. We suggested that TgCDPKif3 could participate in the motility of T. gondii through the phosphorylation of glideosome complex member.
PMID: 19699312 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]