Int J Parasitol. 2009 Apr 17. [Epub ahead of print]
Transfection of Eimeria and Toxoplasma using heterologous regulatory sequences
Zou J, Liu X, Shi T, Huang X, Wang H, Hao L, Yin G, Suo X.
Parasitology Laboratory, College of Veterinary Medicine, China Agricultural University, Beijing, 100193, China.
Eimeriatenella and Toxoplasmagondii are Apicomplexan protozoa and share many similarities in biology and genomics. While the latter parasites are easily cultured in vitro and genetically manipulated, many Eimeria species are difficult to grow in vitro. We hypothesized that molecular tools for the genetic manipulation of T. gondii could be applied to the study of Eimeria parasites. Here we show that three different promoter sequences originating from E. tenella could function effectively not only in other species of the Eimeria genus (histone H4) but also in T. gondii (histone H4, actin and tubulin). Similarly, promoters of the "housekeeping" gene (tubulin) and differentially regulated gene (surface antigen gene, sag1) of T. gondii were effective in driving the expression of the yellow fluorescent protein (YFP) maker gene in E. tenella. The transfection efficiency with heterologous regulatory sequences was similar to that with homologous promoters; while the promoter strength of heterologous vectors is slightly weaker than the homologous vectors in both E. tenella and T. gondii. The results suggest that 5' regulatory sequences are functionally conserved not only among the Eimeria species, but also between T. gondii and E. tenella, and that T. gondii could be used as a novel transfection check system for Eimeria-rooted vectors, accelerating the development of reverse genetics in Eimeria spp.
PMID: 19379753 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]