Friday, April 17, 2009

Protective effect of an intranasal SAG1 and MIC4 DNA vaccine in mice

Exp Parasitol. 2009 Apr 11. [Epub ahead of print]

Toxoplasma gondii: Protective effect of an intranasal SAG1 and MIC4 DNA vaccine in mice

Wang H, He S, Yao Y, Cong H, Zhao H, Li T, Zhu XQ.

Department of Parasitology, Shandong University School of Medicine, 44 Wenhua Xi Road, Jinan, Shandong Province, 250012 P.R. China.

Infections by the intracellular protozoan parasite Toxoplasma gondii are widely prevalent in humans and other animals which can cause severe or lethal toxoplasmosis. So the development of a more effective vaccine is needed urgently. A multiantigenic vaccine against toxoplasmosis was constructed in the present study, which contains two Toxoplasma gondii antigens, SAG1 and MIC4 on the basis of previous immunological and immunization studies. The eukaryotic plasmid pcDNA3.1-SAG1-MIC4, pcDNA3.1-SAG1, pcDNA3.1-MIC4 were constructed first, which can express surface protein SAG1 and microneme protein MIC4 from different stages of Toxoplasma gondii life cycle, and the expression ability of these DNA vaccine in HeLa cells were examined by Western blot. The efficacy of these plasmids with or without co-administration of a plasmid encoding cholera toxin A2/B as a genetic adjuvant by mucosal way to protect BALB/c mice against toxoplasmosis was evaluated. We found these vaccines were able to elicit a significant humoral and cellular immune response in vaccinated mice and they can increase survival rate and prolong the life of mice that were infected by T. gondii especially in the pcDNA3.1-SAG1-MIC4 group. Co-delivery of cholera toxin A2/B further enhanced the potency of multiantigenic DNA vaccine by intranasal route. These results encourage further research towards achieving vaccinal protection against the T. gondii in animals and humans.

PMID: 19366622 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]

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