Cell Host Microbe. 2009 Mar 19;5(3):259-72
Host cell entry by apicomplexa parasites requires actin polymerization in the host cell
Gonzalez V, Combe A, David V, Malmquist NA, Delorme V, Leroy C, Blazquez S, Ménard R, Tardieux I.
Institut Cochin, Université Paris Descartes, CNRS (UMR 8104), Paris, France; INSERM U567, Université Paris Descartes, CNRS (UMR 8104), 22 rue Méchain, 75014 Paris, France.
Apicomplexa are obligate intracellular parasites that actively invade host cells using their membrane-associated, actin-myosin motor. The current view is that host cell invasion by Apicomplexa requires the formation of a parasite-host cell junction, which has been termed the moving junction, but does not require the active participation of host actin. Using Toxoplasma gondii tachyzoites and Plasmodium berghei sporozoites, we show that host actin participates in parasite entry. Parasites induce the formation of a ring-shaped F-actin structure in the host cell at the parasite-cell junction, which remains stable during parasite entry. The Arp2/3 complex, an actin-nucleating factor, is recruited at the ring structure and is important for parasite entry. We propose that Apicomplexa invasion of host cells requires not only the parasite motor but also de novo polymerization of host actin at the entry site for anchoring the junction on which the parasite pulls to penetrate the host cell.
PMID: 19286135 [PubMed - in process]