Vaccine. 2008 Nov 18. [Epub ahead of print]
The temperature-sensitive mutants of Toxoplasma gondii and ocular toxoplasmosis
Lu F, Huang S, Kasper LH.
Department of Parasitology, Zhongshan School of Medicine, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou, Guangdong 510080, PR China.
The risk of blindness caused by ocular toxoplasmosis supports efforts to improve our understanding for control of this disease. In this study, the involvement of CD8(+), CD4(+), B cell, and IL-10 gene in the immune response of primary ocular infection with the temperature-sensitive mutant (ts-4) of the RH Toxoplasma gondii strain, and in the protective immunity of ocular ts-4 vaccination and challenge with RH strain was investigated in murine models utilizing inbred C57BL/6 mice-deficient in CD4(+), CD8(+), B cells (muMT), or IL-10 gene. Compared to naive mice, all WT and mutant mice had different degree of ocular pathological changes after ts-4 ocular infection, in which both CD8 KO and IL-10 KO mice showed the most severe ocular lesions. Immunized by ts-4 intracameral (i.c.) inoculation, all mutant mice had partially decreased vaccine-induced resistance associated with increased ocular parasite burdens after RH strain challenge. A significant increase of the percentages of B cells and CD8(+) T cells in the draining lymph nodes were observed in WT and IL-10 KO mice after either infection or challenge. The levels of specific anti-toxoplasma IgG in both eye fluid and serum from all the mice were significantly increased after ts-4 i.c. immunization, except muMT mice. These results suggest that the avirulent ts-4 of T. gondii inoculated intracamerally can induce both ocular pathology and ocular protective immunity; CD4(+), CD8(+), B cell, and IL-10 gene are all necessary to the vaccine-induced resistance to ocular challenge by virulent RH strain, in which CD8(+) T cells are the most important component.
PMID: 19026704 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]