Tuesday, November 11, 2008

Proteomes and transcriptomes of Apicomplexa - Where's the message?

Int J Parasitol. 2008 Nov 1. [Epub ahead of print]

Proteomes and transcriptomes of Apicomplexa - Where's the message?

Wastling JM, Xia D, Sohal A, Chaussepied M, Pain A, Langsley G.

Department of Pre-Clinical Veterinary Science, Faculty of Veterinary Science, University of Liverpool, Liverpool L69 7ZJ, UK.

The Apicomplexa now have some of the most comprehensive and integrated proteome datasets of all pathogenic micro-organisms. Coverage is currently at a level where these data can be used to help predict the potential biological function of proteins in these parasites, without having to defer to measurement of mRNA levels. Transcriptomic data for the Apicomplexa (microarrays, expressed sequence tag (EST) collections, serial analysis of gene expression (SAGE) and massively parallel signature sequencing (MPSS) tags) are also copious, enabling us to investigate the extent to which global mRNA levels correlate with proteomic data. Here, we present a proteomic and transcriptomic perspective of gene expression in key apicomplexan parasites, including Plasmodium spp., Toxoplasma gondii, Cryptosporidium parvum, Neospora caninum and Theileria spp., and discuss the alternative views of gene expression that they provide. Although proteomic evidence does not detect every protein for every gene, many examples of readily detected proteins whose corresponding genes display little or no detectable transcription, are detected across the Apicomplexa. These examples are not easily explained by the "guilt by association", or "stock and go" hypotheses of gene transcription. With the advent of ultra-high-throughput sequencing technologies there will be a quantum shift in transcriptional analysis which, combined with improving quantitative proteome datasets, will provide a core component of a systems-wide approach to studying the Apicomplexa.

PMID: 18996390 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]

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