Biochim Biophys Acta. 2008 Aug 22. [Epub ahead of print]
The Toxoplasma gondii type-II NADH dehydrogenase TgNDH2-I is inhibited by 1-hydroxy-2-alkyl-4(1H)quinolones
Lin SS, Kerscher S, Saleh A, Brandt U, Groß U, Bohne W.
Institute of Medical Microbiology, University of Göttingen, Kreuzbergring 57, Göttingen D-37075";, Germany.
The apicomplexan parasite Toxoplasma gondii does not possess complex I of the mitochondrial respiratory chain, but has two genes encoding rotenone-insensitive, non-proton pumping type-II NADH dehydrogenases (NDH2s). The absence of such "alternative" NADH dehydrogenases in the human host defines these enzymes as potential drug targets. TgNDH2-I and TgNDH2-II are constitutively expressed in tachyzoites and bradyzoites and are localized to the mitochondrion as shown by epitope tagging. Functional expression of TgNDH2-I in the yeast Yarrowia lipolytica as an internal enzyme, with the active site facing the mitochondrial matrix, permitted growth in the presence of the complex I inhibitor DQA. Bisubstrate kinetics of TgNDH2-I measured within Y. lipolytica mitochondrial membrane preparations were in accordance with a ping-pong mechanism. Using inhibition kinetics we demonstrate here that 1-hydroxy-2-alkyl-4(1)quinolones with long alkyl chains of C(12) (HDQ) and C(14) are high affinity inhibitors for TgNDH2-I, while compounds with shorter side chains (C(5) and C(6)) displayed significantly higher IC(50) values. The efficiency of the various quinolone derivatives to inhibit TgNDH2-I enzyme activity mirrors their inhibitory potency in vivo, suggesting that a long acyl site chain is critical for the inhibitory potential of these compounds.
PMID: 18786503 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]