Immunology. 2008 Sep 13. [Epub ahead of print]
STAT6 signalling is important in CD8(+) T-cell activation and defence against Toxoplasma gondii infection in the brain
Jin D, Takamoto M, Hu T, Taki S, Sugane K.
Department of Infection and Host Defence, Division of Immunology and Infectious Diseases, Shinshu University Graduate School of Medicine, Matsumoto, Japan.
Signal transducer and activator of transcription (STAT) 6 is a molecule involved in interleukin (IL)-4 and -13 signalling. We investigated the role of STAT6 signalling in Toxoplasma gondii-infected mice using STAT6-deficient (STAT6(-/-)) and wild-type (WT) mice. A significantly larger number of cysts were recovered from the brain in STAT6(-/-) than in WT mice on days 28 and 56 post-infection. CD8(+) T cells in cerebrospinal fluid and spleen stimulated with T. gondii antigen produced higher levels of interferon (IFN)-gamma in WT than in STAT6(-/-) mice. CD8(+) T-cell function, estimated by expression of CD25 and cytotoxic activity, was lower in STAT6(-/-) than in WT mice. Transfer of CD8(+) but not CD4(+) T cells, purified from infected WT mice, into STAT6(-/-) mice successfully prevented formation of cysts in the brain. However, transfer of naïve CD8(+) T cells from WT into STAT6(-/-) mice did not show either activation of CD8(+) T cells or a decrease in the number of cysts in the brain. Transfer of splenic adherent cells from WT into STAT6(-/-) mice induced activation of CD8(+) T cells and decreased the number of cysts in the brain. Expression of CD86 on splenic dendritic cells and IL-12 p40 production were weaker in STAT6(-/-) than in WT mice after T. gondii infection. These results indicate that STAT6 signalling is important in CD8(+) T-cell activation, possibly through regulation of antigen-presenting cells, which could suppress T. gondii infection in the brain.
PMID: 18795973 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]