Microbes Infect. 2008 Aug 12. [Epub ahead of print]
A recombinant pseudorabies virus expressing TgSAG1 protects against challenge with the virulent Toxoplasma gondii RH strain and pseudorabies in BALB/c mice
Liu Q, Gao S, Jiang L, Shang L, Men J, Wang Z, Zhai Y, Xia Z, Hu R, Zhang X, Zhu XQ.
Laboratory of Parasitology, Veterinary Institute, Academy of Military Medical Sciences, Changchun 130062, Jilin Province, China.
The major immunodominant surface antigen 1 (TgSAG1) of invasive tachyzoites is a vaccine candidate antigen for Toxoplasma gondii. In this study, we developed a recombinant pseudorabies virus (PRV) expressing TgSAG1 (rPRV/SAG1) based on the PRV vaccine strain Bartha K-61 by homologous recombination, in which partial PK and gG genes were deleted. The growth assay of rPRV/SAG1 showed that the recombinant virus can replicate in vitro as efficiently as PRV Bartha K-61, demonstrating that insertion of the TgSAG1 gene in the PK and gG locus of PRV does not affect the replication of PRV. All mice vaccinated with rPRV/SAG1 developed a high level of specific antibody responses against T. gondii lysate antigen (TLA), a strong increase of the splenocyte proliferative response, and significant levels of IFN-gamma and IL-2 production. Furthermore, the immunization of mice with rPRV/SAG1 elicited strong cytotoxic T lymphocyte (CTL) responses in vitro. These results demonstrate that rPRV/SAG1 could induce significant humoral and cellular Th1 immune responses. Moreover, rPVR/SAG1 immunization induced partial protection (60%) against a lethal challenge with the highly virulent T. gondii RH strain, and neutralizing antibodies against PRV in a BALB/c mouse model. These results suggest that expression of protective antigens of T. gondii in PRV Bartha K-61 is a novel approach towards the development of a vaccine against both animal toxoplasmosis and pseudorabies.
PMID: 18761418 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]