J Med Chem. 2008 Sep 5. [Epub ahead of print]
N9-Substituted 2,4-Diaminoquinazolines: Synthesis and Biological Evaluation of Lipophilic Inhibitors of Pneumocystis carinii and Toxoplasma gondii Dihydrofolate Reductase
Gangjee A, Adair OO, Pagley M, Queener SF.
Division of Medicinal Chemistry, Graduate School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Duquesne University, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15282, Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, Indiana 46202 firstname.lastname@example.org.
N9-substituted 2,4-diaminoquinazolines were synthesized and evaluated as inhibitors of Pneumocystis carinii (pc) and Toxoplasma gondii (tg) dihydrofolate reductase (DHFR). Reduction of commercially available 2,4-diamino-6-nitroquinazoline 14 with Raney nickel afforded 2,4,6-triaminoquinazoline 15. Reductive amination of 15 with the appropriate benzaldehydes or naphthaldehydes, followed by N9-alkylation, afforded the target compounds 5- 13. In the 2,5-dimethoxybenzylamino substituted quinazoline analogues, replacement of the N9-CH 3 group of 4 with the N9-C 2H 5 group of 8 resulted in a 9- and 8-fold increase in potency against pcDHFR and tgDHFR, respectively. The N9-C 2H 5 substituted compound 8 was highly potent, with IC 50 values of 9.9 and 3.7 nM against pcDHFR and tgDHFR, respectively. N9-propyl and N9-cyclopropyl methyl substitutions did not afford further increases in potency. This study indicates that the N9-ethyl substitution is optimum for inhibitory activity against pcDHFR and tgDHFR for the 2,4-diaminoquinazolines. Selectivity was unaffected by N9 substitution.
PMID: 18771252 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]