Exp Parasitol. 2008 Jun 25. [Epub ahead of print]
Toxoplasma gondii: An improved rat model of congenital infection
Freyre A, Falcón J, Méndez J, González M.
Laboratory for Toxoplasmosis, Department of Parasitology, College of Veterinary Sciences, Montevideo, Uruguay; Laboratory for Parasitology, College for Chemistry, Montevideo, Uruguay.
The objective of this study was to refine the rat model of congenital toxoplasmosis. In Fischer rates we found that visualization of spermatozoa in vaginal exudates and the detection of at least 6g body weight increase between days 9 and 12 of pregnancy, allowed the diagnosis and timing of pregnancy with 60% specificity and 84% sensitivity. A dose of 10(4)Toxoplasma gondii bradyzoites or 10(2)T. gondii oocysts of the Prugniaud strain resulted in more than 50% of congenital infection of the rat litters. Transmission of T. gondii via lactation was not detected in rats inoculated with either bradyzoites or oocysts. Bioassays of 51 neonates born from mothers inoculated with bradyzoites (in tissue cysts) and 29 neonates from mothers inoculated with oocysts demonstrated that both liver and lungs can be used for the diagnosis of congenital transmission in this model.
PMID: 18634785 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]