Parasitol Int. 2008 Jun 8. [Epub ahead of print]
In vivo study of toxoplasmic parasitemia using interferon-gamma-deficient mice: Absolute cell number of leukocytes, parasite load and cell susceptibility
Norose K, Naoi K, Fang H, Yano A.
Department of Infection and Host Defense, Graduate School of Medicine, Chiba University, 1-8-1, Inohana, Chuo-ku, Chiba 260-8670, Japan.
Toxoplasma gondii infection was induced in wild type (WT) C57BL/6 and BALB/c mice and same-background interferon-gamma knockout (GKO) mice by peroral inoculation of Fukaya strain cysts. We studied parasitemia, absolute cell number of leukocytes, and cell susceptibility in peripheral blood leukocyte (PBL) subsets in vivo. Parasitemia was observed in both WT and GKO mice, although the pattern of the parasite load was totally different among them. After infection, the absolute number of neutrophils in peripheral blood increased in both GKO C57BL/6 and GKO BALB/c mice with statistical significance, while it rose up slightly in susceptible WT C57BL/6 mice, but declined moderately in resistant WT BALB/c mice. The absolute number of lymphocytes in both WT and GKO mice decreased significantly after infection. Although leukocyte number per mul decreased significantly in both strains of WT mice, it increased in GKO BALB/c mice. There were no differences in susceptibility of PBL subsets to T. gondii infection as assessed by quantitative competitive polymerase chain reaction in both WT and GKO mice. These results indicate that each of the PBL subsets was infected in vivo. The increase of neutrophils only among immunocompromised or susceptible strains suggests that the neutrophil may be involved in the lethal process of T. gondii infection. The lack of any difference in cell susceptibility per mug gDNA among the PBL subsets examined implies that the neutrophil may contribute to the whole body dissemination process of the parasite in vivo more than other PBL subsets through the increase in number.
PMID: 18585475 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]