J Ethnopharmacol. 2008 Jul 4. [Epub ahead of print]
Anti-Toxoplasma gondii activity of GAS in vitro
Chen SX, Wu L, Jiang XG, Feng YY, Cao JP.
School of Medical Technology, Jiangsu University, Zhenjiang 212013, People's Republic of China.
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: The sarcotesta of Ginkgo biloba is a Chinese herbal medicine used for treating toxoplasmosis, a serious disease requiring treatment with antibiotics that can have serious side effects. AIM OF THE STUDY: To investigate the anti-Toxoplasmagondii activity of ginkgolic acids (GAs) isolated from the Ginkgo biloba sarcotesta in Toxoplasmagondii-infected human foreskin fibroblast (HFF) cells in vitro. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The safe concentration of GAs for HFF cells was determined by methyl thiazolyl tetrazolium (MTT) cell proliferation assay. The presence of Toxoplasmagondii was measured by [(3)H]-thymine deoxyriboside ([(3)H]-TdR) and [(3)H]-leucine ([(3)H]-Leu) incorporation, as well as Giemsa staining. The positive control was the commonly used and highly effective antibiotic azithromycin. RESULTS: Light microscopy revealed that most HFF cells were infected after 4h of exposure to Toxoplasmagondii. After 48h of exposure to either GAs or azithromycin, Toxoplasmagondii DNA and protein synthesis were minimal, there were no visible parasites in HFF cells, and the HFF cells had no significant morphological changes. CONCLUSIONS: These results demonstrate that GAs have significant anti-Toxoplasma activity with low toxicity to HFF cells, suggesting that GAs could be an alternative treatment for toxoplasmosis.
PMID: 18602775 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]