Exp Parasitol. 2008 Mar 7 [Epub ahead of print]
Toxoplasma gondii: Protection against colonization of the brain and muscles in a rat model
Freyre A, Falcón J, Mendez J, Gonzalez M.
Laboratorio de Toxoplasmosis, Departamento de Parasitologı´a, Universidad de la Republica, Facultad de Veterinaria, Alberto Lasplaces 1550, Montevideo 11600, Uruguay.
The objective was to test immune protection against the formation of Toxoplasma gondii tissue cysts in rats. It has been previously shown that 50 T. gondii tissue cysts of strain Me49 are not pathogenic for CF-1 mice, whereas 1 T. gondii tissue cyst of strain M-7741, can be lethal for mice 11-13 days after subcutaneous or oral administration. In the present study, ten rats were fed T. gondii oocysts of strain Me49 and after a further 30 days they were each orally challenged with T. gondii oocysts of strain M-7741. Thirty days after this, they were euthanased and brain and muscle samples inoculated subcutaneously or orally dosed, respectively, to mice for bioassay. None of the mice died, whereas all the mice that were inoculated with brain homogenates or were fed muscle samples from four non-immunized rats that had been inoculated with T. gondii oocysts of strain M-7741, died. These results encourage further research towards achieving vaccinal protection against the formation of T. gondii tissue cysts in meat animals and people.
PMID: 18397785 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]