Eukaryot Cell. 2008 Feb 29 [Epub ahead of print]
MORN1 has a conserved role in asexual and sexual development across the Apicomplexa
Ferguson DJ, Sahoo N, Pinches RA, Bumstead JM, Tomley FM, Gubbels MJ
Nuffield Department of Pathology, University of Oxford, John Radcliffe Hospital, Oxford OX3 9DU, UK; Department of Biology, Boston College, Chestnut Hill, MA, USA; Nuffield Department of Medicine, Molecular Parasitology, Weatherall Institute of Molecular Medicine, University of Oxford, John Radcliffe Hospital, Oxford, OX3 9DS, UK; Division of Microbiology, Institute for Animal Health, Compton, Newbury, Berkshire, RG20 7NN, UK.
The gene encoding the membrane occupation and recognition nexus protein, MORN1, is conserved across the Apicomplexa. In Toxoplasma gondii MORN1 is associated with the spindle poles, the anterior and posterior rings of the inner membrane complex (IMC). The present study examines the localization of MORN1 during the coccidian development of T. gondii and three Eimeria species (in the definitive host) and erythrocytic schizogony of Plasmodium falciparum. During asexual proliferation MORN1 is associated with the posterior ring of the IMCs of the multiple daughters forming during T. gondii endopolygeny and schizogony in Eimeria and P. falciparum. Furthermore, P. falciparum MORN1 protein expression peaked in late schizogony. These data fit a model with a conserved role for MORN1 during IMC assembly in all variations of asexual development. An important new observation is reactivity of MORN1 antibody with certain sexual stages in T. gondii and Eimeria species. Here MORN1 is organized as a ring-like structure where the microgametes bud from the microgametocyte while in mature microgametes it is present near the flagellar basal bodies and mitochondrion. These observations suggest a conserved role for MORN1 across the Apicomplexa involving both asexual and sexual development.
PMID: 18310354 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]