Clin Exp Immunol. 2008 Mar;151(3):536-45.
BeWo trophoblast cell susceptibility to Toxoplasma gondii is increased by interferon-gamma, interleukin-10 and transforming growth factor-beta1
Barbosa BF, Silva DA, Costa IN, Mineo JR, Ferro EA.
Laboratory of Histology and Embryology, Institute of Biomedical Sciences, Federal University of Uberlândia, Uberlândia, MG, Brazil.
The present study aimed to investigate BeWo trophoblast cell susceptibility to Toxoplasma gondii infection under stimulation with anti-inflammatory cytokines in comparison with HeLa cells. Both cell types were submitted to different treatments with recombinant cytokines [interleukin (IL)-10 and transforming growth factor (TGF)-beta1] or the respective antibodies (anti-IL-10 and anti-TGF-beta) before and after T. gondii infection. The effect of interferon (IFN)-gamma was also assessed alone or in combination with anti-inflammatory cytokines or the respective antibodies after the parasite infection. Cells were fixed, stained and parasites quantified under light microscopy to evaluate intracellular replication (mean number of parasites per cell in 100 infected cells) and infection index (percentage of infected cells per 100 examined cells). In contrast with HeLa cells, treatments with IL-10 or TGF-beta1 induced a considerable augmentation in both T. gondii intracellular replication and invasion into BeWo cells. In addition, treatment with IFN-gamma alone or associated with IL-10 or TGF-beta1 increased the same parameters in BeWo cells, whereas the opposite effect was observed in HeLa cells. When endogenous IL-10 or TGF-beta was blocked, both BeWo and HeLa cells were able to control the parasite infection only in the presence of IFN-gamma. Together, these results indicate that the higher susceptibility of BeWo cells to T. gondii may be due to immunomodulation mechanisms, suggesting that the role of trophoblast cells in maintaining a placental microenvironment favourable to pregnancy may facilitate the infection into the placental tissues.
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
PMID: 18234060 [PubMed - in process]