Tuesday, January 22, 2008

Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay using different fragments of MIC1 for detection of immunoglobulin G antibodies

Exp Parasitol. 2008 Jan 18 [Epub ahead of print]

Toxoplasma gondii: Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay using different fragments of recombinant microneme protein 1 (MIC1) for detection of immunoglobulin G antibodies

Holec L, Gąsior A, Brillowska-Dąbrowska A, Kur J

Gdańsk University of Technology, Chemical Faculty, Department of Microbiology, ul. Narutowicza 11/12, 80-952 Gdańsk, Poland.

Three different fragments of microneme 1 protein termed, r-MIC1ex2, r-MIC1ex34 and r-MIC1 of Toxoplasma gondii, were expressed in Escherichia coli as fusion proteins containing six histidyl residues at N- and C-terminal. After purification by metal affinity chromatography, these recombinant proteins were tested for their usefulness as antigens in an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay for the detection of immunoglobulin G. Ninety-eight sera from patients with different stages of invasion and 24 sera from seronegative patients were examined. There was no significant difference observed in the antigenicity for human serum samples from patients with acute toxoplasmosis between three recombinant types of MIC1 antigen (96.1% for r-MIC1ex2 antigen and 100% for both r-MIC1ex34 and r-MIC1 proteins). Sera from chronic infections (with low titers of IgG antibody) showed significant lower sensitivity, especially for r-MIC1ex34 and r-MIC1 antigens (75%, 52.7% and 36.1% for r-MIC1ex2, r-MIC1ex34 and r-MIC1, respectively). These results indicate that the strongest antigenic region of the MIC1 is encoding by the second exon of mic1 gene. When r-MIC1ex2 (N-terminal fragment of protein) was combined with MAG1 (matrix antigen) and MIC3 (microneme 3 protein), the sensitivity increased to 88.9%. This result was comparable to an ELISA using a Toxoplasma lysate antigen (TLA) and two combinations of recombinant antigens: M1 (GRA1+GRA7+SAG1) and M2 (P35+SAG2+GRA6) with the sensitivity for serum samples tested 94.4%, 88.9% and 94.4%, respectively.

PMID: 18207143 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]

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