Parasite Immunol. 2008 Jan 8 [Epub ahead of print]
Advances in the use of genetically engineered parasites to study immunity to Toxoplasma gondii
Dzierszinski FS, Hunter CA
Institute of Parasitology, McGill University, Ste-Anne-de-Bellevue, Canada
Studying in vivo biology and the host immune response to Toxoplasma gondii has yielded many insights into the pathogenesis of this parasitic organism. It is recognized that this infection in immune competent hosts elicits a strong Th1-type response, which is characterized by the generation of parasite-specific CD4(+) and CD8(+) T cells that produce IFN-gamma and provide protective immunity. One of the problems associated with studying resistance to Toxoplasma has been the lack of reagents to track parasite-specific T cell responses with a high degree of specificity. To overcome this difficulty, it is possible to use a combination of transgenic parasites that are engineered to express well-characterized heterologous reporters or antigens, and T cell hybridomas or naïve T cells that express a T cell receptor specific for the processed peptide. These approaches have provided new insights into parasite dissemination, antigen presentation, as well as immune regulation.
PMID: 18194347 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]