J Chromatogr B Analyt Technol Biomed Life Sci. 2007 Aug 2; [Epub ahead of print]
Strategies for improving production and purification of a recombinant protein: rP30 of Toxoplasma gondii expressed in the yeast Schizosaccharomyces pombe
Rolland D, Raymond F, Gauthier M, Fournier C, Charrier JP, Jolivet M, Dantigny P.
R&D Department, bioMérieux, Marcy l’Etoile, F-69280, France.
Many problems concerned with the production and the purification of recombinant proteins must be addressed prior to launching an industrial production process. Among these problems, attention is focused on low-level expression that complicates the purification step and can jeopardise the process. The expression of a membrane protein, rP30, of Toxoplasma gondii in the yeast Schizosaccharomyces pombe led to a secretion of only 0.5mugml(-1). In order to obtain a sufficient quantity for biochemical characterization and evaluation in vitro diagnostic test development, strategies for both production and purification had to be optimized. First, the influence of four nitrogen sources (three peptones and yeast extract) on the growth rate, but also on the separation between the protein and the components of the fermentation broth was assessed. Second, batch and fed-batch fermentations were compared in terms of final biomass and rP30 concentrations. Third, three different protocols that included fixed and expanded bed ion exchange chromatography were compared for processing a large volume of feedstock. By using the most appropriate strategies, i.e. fed-batch fermentation, capture on EBA cation exchanger and affinity chromatography polishing, a purification factor of 1778 and a yield of 49% were achieved. These performances allowed a 12.5-fold increase for the overall rP30 process productivity.
PMID: 17728194 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]