Tuesday, July 17, 2007

Characterization of a New Gene wx2 in Toxoplasma

Acta Biochim Biophys Sin (Shanghai). 2007 Jul;39(7):475-83.

Characterization of a New Gene wx2 in Toxoplasma gondii

Wu X, Zhang Q, Tan K, Xie R, Fan J, Shu H, Wang S.

Department of Parasitology, Xiangya Medical School, Central South University, Changsha 410078, China. hengpingshu@xysm.net, wshiping@hotmail.com.

Using hybridization techniques, we prepared the monoclonal antibody (Mab) 7C3-C3 against Toxoplasma gondii. The protection tests showed that the protein (Mab7C3-C3) inhibited the invasion and proliferation of T. gondii RH strain in HeLa cells. The passive transfer test indicated that the antibody significantly prolonged the survival time of the challenged mice. It was also shown that the antibody could be used for the detection of the circulating antigen of T. gondii. After immunoscreening the T. gondii tachyzoite cDNA library with Mab7C3-C3, a new gene wx2 of T. gondii was obtained. Immunofluorescence analysis showed that the WX2 protein was located on the membrane of the parasite. Nucleotide sequence comparison showed 28% identity to the calcium channel alpha-1E unit and shared with the surface antigen related sequence in some conservative residues. However, no match was found in protein databases. Therefore, it was an unknown gene in T. gondii encoding a functional protein on the membrane of T. gondii. Because it has been shown to have a partial protective effect against T. gondii infection and is released as a circulating antigen, it could be a candidate molecule for vaccine or a novel target for new drugs.

PMID: 17627323 [PubMed - in process]

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