Tuesday, February 27, 2007

Toxoplasmosis: Review

Semin Fetal Neonatal Med. 2007 Feb 22; [Epub ahead of print]


Petersen E

Department of Infectious Diseases, Aarhus University Hospital, Aarhus, Denmark.

Infections with Toxoplasma gondii occur worldwide, but are especially prevalent in Europe, South America and Africa. The primary problem for the diagnosis of T. gondii infection is long-lasting IgM-antibodies, thus the presence of T. gondii-specific IgM-antibodies do not necessarily indicate an acute infection. The use of a Toxoplasma-specific IgG-avidity ratio, differentiated Western blots and two-dimensional immunoblots usually resolves diagnostic problems. There is no consensus on the best strategy to control congenital toxoplasmosis. Recent European prospective, but descriptive, studies including a meta-analysis of existing cohorts have found a surprisingly small effect on maternal-fetal transmission and clinical signs in children treated for T. gondii infection diagnosed by pre- and neonatal screening programmes. No randomised studies exist on the treatment of T. gondii infection in pregnant women and newborn children with congenital toxoplasmosis. Atovaquone is the most promising new drug available, but is not yet approved for use in pregnant women and small children.

PMID: 17321812 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]

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